Employed persons by industry
|Updated: 5.3.2013 - Next update: 5.3.2014|
Growth in employment slowed down in 2012
In 2012, employed persons numbered 2,483,000, which was 10,000 more than in 2011. The employment rate for women rose by 0.7 percentage points, while that for men remained unchanged. Employment improved especially in human health and social work activities, in which the number of employed persons grew by 13,000 in 2012.
Statistics Finland / Labour force survey
Description of indicator
A person is employed if he/she has during the survey week been in gainful employment at least one hour against wages or salary or fringe benefits, or to make profit, or has been temporarily absent from work. A person absent from work in the survey week is counted as employed if the reason for absence is maternity or paternity leave, own illness or if the absence has lasted under three months. Employed persons can be employees, self-employed or members of the same household working without actual pay in an enterprise owned by a family member.
Standard Industrial Classification TOL 2008
The industry-specific examination of employment facilitates labour policy forecasting for the future development of Finland’s economic structure, labour market and its different industries. Information on the employment outlook of different industries also supports planning of the public administration’s employment, education and economic policy. In addition to industry-specific economic conditions, there are significant regional differences in employment and in the diversity of employment opportunities. At the same time, the social effects of unemployment are highlighted in municipalities where the employment opportunities are more limited than in the large population centres. Labour issues should also be seen as an integral part not only of economic policy but of a sustainable regional and social policy.
In future, Finland’s labour market faces major structural changes, which will create the need to develop flexibility in working life and employee mobility. Economic conditions have changed significantly the structures of the labour market and different industries, which is evident in the development of jobs and pay in different industries. In particular, there has been a shift from manufacturing to service sectors, while the changed economic operating environment has been reflected in changes in the quality of employment relationships. Working careers in the current labour market are increasingly individual and fragmented, while companies’ circumstances and life cycles are more difficult to predict.
The significant changes in the structure of working life also require that labour policy measures promote re-employment of workers and openness in business. A key role in the development of the labour market will be played by extensive training opportunities for workers, public investments to activate the business sector, and investments in the R&D activity of new growth sectors. An important factor in forecasting structural change is the efficiency of an active labour policy, which requires closer links between education and work as well as the faster employment this brings.