Electricity supply and consumption
|Updated: 5.11.2013 - Next update: 5.11.2014|
Share of renewable energy sources in production of electricity and heat grew in 2012
The production of electricity in Finland amounted to 67.7 TWh in 2012. The production went down by four per cent from the previous year. The production of district heat grew by eight per cent and that of industrial heat remained on level with the previous year. Forty-six per cent of the production of electricity and heat was covered by renewable energy sources. The amounts of electricity and heat produced with renewable energy sources grew from the previous year. The use of fossil fuels and peat decreased as in the year before. These data derive from the statistics on the production of electricity and heat compiled by Statistics Finland.
In 2012, the production of electricity in Finland amounted to 67.7 terawatt hours (TWh) or one billion kilowatt hours (kWh). The production went down by four per cent from the previous year. In turn, total electricity consumption went up by one per cent and amounted to 85.1 TWh. Of total electricity consumption, 80 per cent was covered by domestic production and 20 per cent by net imports of electricity from the Nordic countries, Russia and Estonia. Net imports of electricity increased by 26 per cent from the year before due to the good water situation in the Nordic countries. The consumption of electricity rose, although electricity consumption in manufacturing fell, because the early and latter part of the year were slightly colder than usual and the use of electricity to heat buildings grew from the year before.
Altogether 41 per cent of the electricity produced in Finland was produced with renewable energy sources. Over one-half of this was produced with hydro power and almost all of the remainder with wood. Thirty-three per cent of the production of electricity was covered with nuclear power, 21 per cent with fossil fuels and five per cent with peat. The amounts of electricity produced with fossil fuels and peat decreased by nearly one-third from the previous year.
Statistics Finland / Production of electricity and heat
Description of indicator
Electricity consumption and the choices made in relation to it significantly reflect a society’s commitment to sustainable choices. Use of renewable energy sources in electricity production is part of a positive development that has been vigorously promoted in Finland. While industry influences electricity consumption most, the individual consumer also pays a significant role. For example, about one third of energy consumption in homes is consumed by electrical equipment and lighting. Consumer habits as well as the electricity consumption of household appliances can have a great influence on overall consumption. Consumers can also choose whether or not to buy “green” electricity, produced from renewable energy sources.
Electricity supply and total electricity consumption refers to the total combined volume of produced electricity and net imports of electricity. Net imports refer to imports of electricity less exports of electricity.