Electricity supply and consumption
|Updated: 17.10.2012 - Next update: 16.10.2013|
Production of energy and use of fossil fuels in decline in 2011
Domestic production of electricity amounted to 70.4 TWh. Production decreased by nine per cent from the previous year. The production of district heat decreased by 13 per cent and that of industrial heat by four per cent in 2011. The use of fossil fuels in the production of electricity and heat decreased by 21 per cent and the use of peat by 12 per cent. By contrast, the use of renewable fuels increased by three per cent and exceeded the use of fossil fuels. These data derive from the statistics on the production of electricity and heat compiled by Statistics Finland.
In 2011, production of electricity in Finland amounted to 70.4 terawatt hours (TWh) or billion kilowatt hours (kWh). Production decreased by nine per cent from the previous year. Total electricity consumption diminished by four per cent and amounted to 84.2 TWh. Of the total electricity consumption, 84 per cent was covered by domestic production and 16 per cent by net imports of electricity from Russia, the Nordic countries and Estonia. Net imports of electricity increased by 32 per cent due to the improved water situation in the Nordic countries. The cold weather in the early part of the year and high capacity utilisation rates in manufacturing kept the demand for electricity high. In the autumn, in turn, the demand for electricity was lower than at the beginning of the year due to the exceptionally mild weather and the waning growth of manufacturing caused by the euro crisis.
Altogether 33 per cent of electricity produced in Finland was produced with renewable energy sources. Around one-half of this was produced with hydro power and almost all of the remainder with wood. Thirty-two per cent of the production of electricity was covered with nuclear power, 27 per cent with fossil fuels and seven per cent with peat. The amounts of electricity produced with fossil fuels and peat decreased from the previous year. The biggest decrease was seen in electricity produced with coal.
Statistics Finland / Production of electricity and heat
Description of indicator
Electricity supply and total electricity consumption refers to the total combined volume of produced electricity and net imports of electricity. Net imports refer to imports of electricity less exports of electricity.