Final energy consumption
|Updated: 27.12.2012 - Next update: 12.12.2013|
Total energy consumption fell by 5 per cent in 2011
According to Statistics Finland, total consumption of energy in Finland amounted to 1.39 million terajoules (TJ) in 2011, which was five per cent less than in 2010. Four per cent less electricity was used than in the previous year, totalling 84.2 terawatt hours (TWh). The use of renewable energy sources decreased by one per cent and that of fossil fuels by 12 per cent. Carbon dioxide emissions from the production and use of energy fell by 12 per cent from 2010 and amounted to 51.7 tonnes of carbon dioxide.Statistical release
Statistics Finland, Energy consumption
Description of indicator
Finland has a high level of energy consumption per capita. Energy consumption is influenced by Finland’s cold climate, long distances and rather energy-intensive industry. Consumer habits also have a major impact on energy consumption. From a sustainable development perspective, energy consumption should be reduced.
Technological innovations reduce final energy consumption in transport and in the heating of buildings, but transport growth, on the other hand, has steadily increased energy consumption in transport. Reducing the electricity consumption of small household appliances also affects final energy consumption. Moreover, as economic structures change, energy consumption by industry might fall as the service sector grows. Nevertheless, economic development also has a direct impact on the energy use of industry.
Final energy consumption measures the consumption of electricity and heat, fuels for space heating, transport fuels and fuels for industrial processes. It differs from total consumption in that energy transmission and distribution losses have been removed from it.