Membership in employee organisations 

Updated: 2.12.2015 - Next update: 11.10.2016
Membership in employee organisations became more widespread following the early 1990s, when the employment situation deteriorated. Membership among women rose over 10 percentage points between 1990 and 1997 whereas the rise was more moderate among. Based on the Finnish Working Life Barometer, the changes in employee organisation membership have been minor in the 21st century, even though the economy has been weak in recent years and unemployment has been on the rise. Instead, more people have joined unemployment funds only to safeguard financial security in case of job loss.  Around three in four wage and salary earners were members of a trade union in 2014. In addition, 16% were members of unemployment funds only.

Over 90% of women and 86% of men were members of either a trade union or an unemployment fund.  Women are more often members of a trade union than are men. There was a gender gap of 10 percentage points in 2014. In recent years, more men than women have been contributing to an unemployment fund only, and between 2011 and 2014, the share of men was bigger than in previous years. In 2014, roughly one fifth of men and just over 10% of women reported being a member of an unemployment fund only.

Ministry of Employment and the Economy / Working life barometers

Description of indicator

Indicator information is based on the annual working life barometer of the Ministry of Employment and the Economy. Professionally organised persons are members of a trade union. Some wage or salary earners are members of unemployment funds only, either private ones or those operating in connection with trade unions.