Long-term unemployed 

Updated: 24.5.2016 - Next update: 21.6.2016
From the beginning of 2012, their position has become more difficult again and the numbers went back up. This has been caused decreased demand for labour, by a reduction in the available labour policy measures and tightened access to unemployment pension since 2010.
At the end of April, the number of long­term unemployed who have been unemployed without interruption for more than a year amounted 121,200, up 17,000 on the previous year. Of the long­term unemployed, 70,900 were men and 50,300 were women. The number of men increased by 9,500 (16%) from the previous year and the number of women by 7,400 (17%). Long­term unemployed who had been unemployed without interruption for more than two years numbered 55,300, which is 9,000 more than a year ago.

Ministry of Employment and the Economy, Employment Service Statistics

Description of indicator

Structural unemployment can be measured through the development in the number of those difficult to employ. The group of those difficult to employ includes the long-term unemployed, repeatedly unemployed, those becoming unemployed after a measure and those repeatedly circulating between measures. Reducing the number of these people has been the strategic objective of employment and economic development administration.

Long-term unemployed are those continuously registered as unemployed jobseekers for 12 months.

The repeatedly unemployed are those unemployed for more than 12 months in the last 16 months, excluding the aforementioned continuously long-term unemployed.

Those becoming unemployed after a measure are persons whose unemployment began after the end of a labour policy measure and, correspondingly, those transferring from measure to measure are persons who begin on another measure after the conclusion of the previous labour policy measure. The same person can only be included in one group of those difficult to employ at a time, because these groups are mutually exclusive and such information constitutes cross-sectional information for the last working day of each month.