Development of age structure
|Updated: 22.3.2013 - Next update: 21.3.2014|
The share of foreign-language speakers in 2012 population growth was 87 per cent
According to Statistics Finland's statistics on the population structure, the official total population of Finland at the end of 2012 was 5,426,674, of whom 2,666,622 were men and 2,760,052 women. In the course of 2012, Finlands population grew by 25,407 persons. The number of people whose native language is a foreign language grew by 22,122, which represented 87 per cent of the population growth. The number of people whose native language is Finnish grew by 3,497, those with Swedish as their native language decreased by 242 and the number of people that speak Sami as their native language grew by 30.
At the end of 2012, there were 891,392 children aged under 15 in Finland and 3,517,089 persons aged between 15 and 64. The number of persons aged 65 and over exceeded one million during 2012 and there were 1,018,193 of them at the end of 2012. The demographic dependency ratio, that is, the number of those aged 15 or under and 65 or over per 100 working age persons was 54.3 at the end of 2012. The demographic dependency ratio was last higher than this in 1964. During our independence, the demographic dependency ratio was at its highest in 1917 (67.6) and at its lowest in 1984 (46.7).Statistical release
Statistics Finland / Population structure
Description of indicator
Statistics on the structure of the population describe Finnish and foreign citizens permanently resident in Finland at the turn of the year. The statistics contain data on the population’s place of residence, age, native language, nationality and country of birth, as well as on the spouse, all children and parents of an individual person.
The data are obtained from the Population Information System of the Population Register Centre according to the situation at the turn of the year.
The Finnish population is ageing and the number of births is falling at the same time. The decline in the number of births in conjunction with population ageing and unemployment is weakening the economic dependency ratio in Finland. Finland’s age structure is skewed, as in many other developed countries. As the baby boomers retire, funding and support for the welfare society will fall on increasingly smaller age groups.
Increasing life span will extend retirement years. Nevertheless, human health has greatly improved and the number of healthy years of life has grown, resulting in a reduced need for health care.
Growth of work-based immigration has increased employment and fertility in many countries. Finland is also aiming to increase immigration, for example through its Immigration 2020 programme.