Renewable energy sources
|Updated: 12.12.2013 - Next update: 12.12.2014|
Wood fuels became the largest source of energy in 2012
The share of renewable energy of total energy consumption increased in 2012 and stood at 32 per cent. The biggest growth was seen in the use of wood fuels that for the first time became the most used source of energy. The use of forest chippings rose to a new record level in 2012 and 11 per cent more was used than in 2011. EU targets for renewable energy are calculated relative to final energy consumption and in Finland this share has been four to five percentage points higher than the share calculated from total energy consumption. Finland's target for the share of renewable energy is 38 per cent of final energy consumption in 2020.
Statistics Finland / Energy consumption
Description of indicator
A common feature of renewable energy sources is that their sustainable use does not deplete their stocks in the long term. The goal of increasing the use of renewable energy sources is closely related to sustainable development and actions that do not limit the options of future generations.
Growth in the use of renewable energy sources is connected with climate agreements and curbing climate warming. Although the key motivation for increasing the use of renewable energy is reducing greenhouse gas emissions, use of renewable energy sources also promotes use of bioenergy and other domestic energy, steers society to invest in research and product development, and improves and maintains security of supply in the energy sector.
The renewable energy sources used in Finland are hydro and wind power, solar energy, aerothermal energy and ground heat captured by heat pumps, biogas, biodegradable parts of recovered and waste fuels, wood-based fuels, and other vegetable and animal-based fuels.